Springfield, Illinois

Springfield Business Signs

Springfield is a city located in the central region of the present-day U.S. state of Illinois.  Prior to meddling by Europeans, this area was, predictably, inhabited by the Illinois people.  Initially, the area which would become Springfield was settled by trappers and traders who had arrived by the Sangamon River in 1818.  Springfield, Illinois was officially founded in 1821.  The first name for this settlement was Calhoun, in honor of Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina.  However, by 1832, Calhoun had fallen out of favor with the local population, and the town was renamed Springfield, after Springfield, Massachusetts.  Springfield, Illinois was incorporated into a town in 1832 and then into a city in 1840.

Today, according to a 2016 estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau, Springfield, Illinois has a total population of 115,715 people.  This makes it the state of Illinois’s sixth most populous city.  It is, however, the largest city in central Illinois.  According to that same 2016 estimate, the Springfield, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area has a total population of 211,752 people.

Springfield, Illinois is known for its history and politics.  In fact, one of the most famous and revered Presidents of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, lived in the city for much of his life.  It makes sense, then, that in 2015, according to the city of Springfield, Illinois’s Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employer in the city is the State of Illinois, responsible for 17,500 employees.  The second highest employer in the city, Memorial Medical Center, is not even close, employing a mere 5,854 people.

One of the most famous sites in Springfield, Illinois is undoubtedly the Old State Capitol State Historic Site.  This building, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, is considered an Illinois State Historic Site and a U.S. National Historic Landmark.  Built in 1837 by architect John Francis Rague in the Greek Revival style, this capitol building served as the state house from 1840 to 1876.  In fact, it also served as “the site of [presidential] candidacy announcements by Abraham Lincoln in 1858 and Barack Obama in 2007.”

The current Illinois State Capitol is also listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.  This capitol was built in 1868 by architect Alfred H. Piquenard in the Renaissance Revival style.  Currently, the building “contains the chambers for the Illinois House of Representatives, the Illinois Senate, as well as an office for the Illinois Governor.”

Along with serving as the home of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, Springfield, Illinois also serves as the location for the Lincoln Home National Historic Site, where Abraham Lincoln spent much of his life.  The city is also his home in death as well.  The Oak Ridge Cemetery, itself listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places and considered a U.S. Historic District, is home to the Lincoln Tomb and War Memorials State Historic Site.  This tomb is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places and is considered both an Illinois State Historic Site and a U.S. National Historic Landmark.  It was built from 1868-1874 by architect Larkin Goldsmith Mead. It is the final resting place for Lincoln, as you might have already guessed.

As for sports, Springfield, Illinois is home to a few professional sporting franchises of note.  The city is home to Men’s Roller Derby’s Capital City Hooligans, who play their home games at Skateland South.  Baseball’s Prospect League’s Springfield Sliders play their home games at Robin Roberts Stadium.  The Sliders have one championship to their name.  North American Hockey League’s Springfield Jr. Blues play their home matches in the Nelson Center and have two championships to their name.

Own a small business in and/or around the Springfield, Illinois area?  Ever thought about becoming one?  These resources below could help you:

Apply for a Business License in Springfield, Illinois:


Illinois Small Business Development Center:


The Greater Springfield Chamber of Commerce:


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